Kenya’s construction industry has been rapidly growing from 2016 to 2019 (Masyuko & Kaaria,
2020); however, collapses of buildings and other infrastructure happen relatively often due to the
use of substandard materials and errors in structural design. The Kenyan construction industry is
suffused with counterfeit construction materials (CCE News Team, 2022). Consequentially, these
materials are weak and incapable of supporting civil buildings and structures. Sometimes a
structural engineer makes errors while calculating the design of a building by neglecting the load
that the structure should be able to withstand. Furthermore, structural engineers use incorrect
theories, erroneous data, and poor choices of construction materials (Thuita, 2022). As a result of
using counterfeit material and inaccurate computation for structural designs, numerous buildings
collapsed, which also led to the loss of lives. To an extent, several contractors are aware of
counterfeit authentication certificates but go forth to purchase these construction materials to make
some profit; similarly, construction engineers may make imprecise calculations and use a poor
choice of construction material to make a profit too. Thus, this investigation aimed to reduce the
flexure in beams, ensuring that the building consists of beams that are ridged and stable through
the use of external carbon fibre-reinforced polymers.

Degree Program
Project Supervisor
Eng. Muthomi Munyua
Student Name
ENOCH IRADUKUNDA F16/132177/2018