The quality of groundwater in the world is unknown, according to a report by the world bank (IAH Congress 2020 | IGRAC.) Similarly, there is an increase in the worsening of the water quality than previously thought. Global groundwater quality assessment is needed because human activities and climate variability increase pressure on groundwater resources that remain invisible to humans (admin, 2021) Although periodical evaluation of water quality is recommended, it is not repeatedly done, especially in places where people depend on groundwater to satisfy water needs (Entsua-Mensah et al., 2007). Physico-chemical and microbiological monitoring of water quality could serve as the best tool to examine potential contamination and help decision-makers evaluate regulation programs in managing water resources (Pusatli et al., 2009). Since groundwater quality plays a crucial role in groundwater security and excellence preservation, its evaluation is essential not only for use by the present generation but also for future consumption(Madhav et al., 2018). Since groundwater constitutes many elements that are essential for human health, the concentration increase of these elements and their consumption could cause serious health problems hence prompting the need for element concentration check (Amouei et al., 2012) Monitoring of groundwater is essential in any population area because it affects the fittingness of water for the household, industrial and agricultural use(Madhav et al., 2018). Despite the water being used for small-scale agriculture and drinking in the Tulimani ward, there are no documented studies that have analyzed the suitability of the various groundwater sources for agriculture and drinking based on their Physico-chemical parameters. Therefore, the study aims at assessing the quality of water and its suitability for drinking.
BSC CIVIL ENGINEERING
Eng. Damaris Oyaro
MUTHIANI KENTHI MWANZIA F16/100625/2017