Rivers are an invaluable resource beneficial to many reliant on its use. There is need to safeguard this natural resource as a way to mitigate the harmful effects of pollution and depletion of fresh water sources. River Sosiani flows through the town where effluent is openly discharged into it from car washes, abattoirs, processing plants, storm drains, and garages along its course. It also passes downstream into informal settlements like Langas and Huruma where sanitary and waste disposal systems are poor therefore domestic waste ends up in the river. These areas are faced with poor sewerage and garbage disposal systems which further strain the river as it traverses this points. This in effect has resulted in the surge of waterborne diseases like typhoid, cholera, dysentery among others. The river contents eventually end up in Lake Victoria which is a source of the Nile thus unchecked pollution will end up being felt to a larger extent other than those directly affected by the river. Aquatic life is also endangered by increased pollution resulting in reduced oxygen levels in the water. This sets up an imbalance in the ecosystem with the effects being felt later. Thus, there is a need by various stakeholders like NEMA and the county government to check into this pollution before the situation becomes that of Nairobi River and the Athi River ecosystem. This will go a long way in ensuring that the wellbeing of residents living and relying on the water source is protected and the environment in general.
BSC. CIVIL AND CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING
Kimutai Kipkoech Dan, F16/1775/2016