Tackling Water Scarcity By Water Resource User Associations: A Case Study Of Ndaragwa Constituency.

ABSTRACT

Access to clean water for human consumption is a great challenge across the globe. It affects social and economic sectors and threatens the sustainability of the natural resources. To address this problem, an inter-sectorial and multidisciplinary approach is required. The integration needs to take into account development, supply, use and demand. It should also place the emphasis on people, their livelihood and ecosystem to sustain them. 

 This approach would be pivotal in managing water resources in order to maximize economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.

Several factors lead to water scarcity. In many cases, it is caused by management and supply driven approach and development that do not take sufficient account of the limits of water systems. As water become scarce, lack of understanding of the interrelations between the different sectors depending on water resources lead to increased shortages and conflicts between users. 

This project was aimed at assessing the effectiveness of tackling water scarcity by water resource user associations in Ndaragwa which is a semi-arid area in central Kenya. It aimed at establishing the role of WRUAs in balancing the competing interest involved in water and the measures they put in place to protect water resources and increase the water supply.

To achieve the above mentioned objectives an investigation on the organization, activities and the institutional arrangement of the WRUA in the study area was carried out. Water demand in the area was also investigated relative to the water available.

It was found out that the WRUA played a vital role in the management of the sub-catchment, in controlling the water allocation, conservation of the catchment and other water sources and resolving conflicts arising from water allocation and abstraction methods.

It was therefore recommended that WRUAs should receive full support from the WRMA and other institutions to enable them carry out their activities effectively. In additional, communities should be mobilized to form more WRUAs in order to ensure that everyone is involved in water conservation and management at their local level

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