The demand for accessible transportation is extremely high in Kibera. Access in and out of the
area is through three main roads; that is, the Kibera drive off Ngong road, Kibera Access road
off Mbagathi highway and Joseph Kang’ethe road. These roads are unable to meet all the
transportation requirements of the residents due to the high population of the area.
The study was therefore aimed at determining the main modes of transport in Kibera, how
accessible they were, how their efficiency could be improved and to promote the use of Nonmotorized
Transportation (NMT) in the area.
A study was conducted on all the fourteen villages of Kibera where the main roads serving the
residents aforementioned were assessed. Major footpaths were also assessed. The roads were
evaluated in terms of their quantity and quality by carrying out classified traffic manual counts
and NMT counts in accordance to the (HCM, 2000). The amount of traffic on the road and the
peak hour flows were established from these counts.
Simple random sampling (SRS) techniques were used in selecting a total of 300 respondents.
The sample in each class consisted of 20 respondents from all the villages. Data was mainly
collected using questionnaires. The focus was on the trip making behavior of the residents
where the main trip mode, purpose, cost, frequency, origins, destinations, the existing transport
facilities and route conditions were studied. Interviews were also done and references made to
various publications.
From the traffic counts, the morning peak hours were found to lie between 7:00am-9:00am
while the evening peak hours were between 4:00pm-6:00pm. The mid-morning off peak hours
were from 9:30am-11:30am and the afternoon off peak hours were between 12:00am-3:30pm.
Peak volumes for vehicles and pedestrians were established for all the three roads. ADT, AADT
and PCUs computations were also done to assess the LoS of the roads.
The study found that most of the trips made were work, business and education trips with most
trips made occasionally and at a cost of 50-100 shillings. Further over half of the respondents
interviewed walk to work and business premises. Two distinct categories of trip makers were
noticeable, the public transport users comprising mainly of those with permanent jobs or stable
business premises and the majority walking population who were mainly casual workers within
the CBD and Industrial area. The travel patterns of the different groups are also very clear cut
based on the trip interests and purposes.

The transport facilities and routes were generally in poor conditions as rated by the respondents.
From the findings it was explicitly clear that there was need to increase the transport facilities
and improve the conditions of the existing ones to ensure maximum efficiency.
The study recommended construction of new roads to increase the quantity of road networks
for easy accessibility by the road users; maintenance of the existing roads and footpaths to
improve their quality and development of a comprehensive design NMT facility to allow for
segregation of NMT traffic with the aim of promoting walking and cycling. The study also
proposed improvement of the train system as an alternative mode of transport.