Feasibility Study for a Community Water Project in Misuuni, Machakos County

Abstract
Water is crucial not only for sustaining life but also for socio-economic development of a
community. Its availability in the right quality and quantity at the required time and space
remains a great challenge. This is more so evident in rural areas in Kenya. In this particular
report, focus was on Misuuni area in Machakos County. Before embarking on a water
project, it is crucial to know its impacts and assess the feasibility of meeting the objectives
without any major drawbacks. This particular study sought to find out the ability of the
proposed water supply system to sufficiently provide water to residents, institutions and
businesses in the area.

Misuuni experiences 5-6 months of continuous dry weather and in some instances years of
continuous dry periods. Currently, good resource management practices like the Integrated
Water Resources Management Approach (IWRM) adopted by the Kenyan government
demand participation of users including communities in the decision making processes
concerning the water resources. Therefore, the study consulted various stakeholders in the
community seeking their input on various issues. Their input was key in investigating the
water supply situation and assessing its strengths, as well as highlighting its downfalls and
suggesting appropriate counter measures to ensure that the residence of the study area receive
sufficient and safe water supplies. This study was conducted using a mix of methods i.e.,
simple tests (water quality), door to door interviews with residents, administering
questionnaire to the water users.
The options considered were; the drilling of a new borehole with water kiosks at different
points in the community, the abstraction of water from existing sources with basic treatment
where required and the use of rain water catchment as a supplement to the water supply
system. Feasibility was considered according the ability to meet the legal requirements, water
Patrick Mailang’a’s borehole in the public supply system by with a water supply system to
various water kiosks.

quality standards, provision of the quantity demanded and acceptability by the community.
After analysis of the existing systems, laboratory tests and calculations. Based on all the
results, the study recommended the use of rain water catchment as an initial short-term
mitigation followed by the rehabilitating of the existing sources by treating dam water by
slow sand filtration system, optimization of Manos Unidas borehole and incorporation of
Patrick Mailang’a’s borehole in the public supply system by with a water supply system to
various water kiosks.

 

 

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