A CASE STUDY OF FLOOD CONTROL IN NAROK TOWN

Abstract
The phenomena of flooding have been experienced in various towns and cities in Kenya. Flooding has had an extensive negative impact on a socio-economic and environmental scale. This project is a case study of flooding in Narok town which lies in the Ewaso Ng’iro South River Basin. The aim of the project was to identify the causes of flooding in Narok town, the impact of flooding, the relation between rainfall and streamflow and the measures taken to alleviate the negative impacts of flooding within Narok town and the catchment area of the two streams flowing through the town. The methodology adopted to gather data and information for the project was research on previous studies, review from secondary sources and site visits. The findings included a relation being established between rainfall and streamflow data, a categorised outline of the courses and impacts of flooding in Narok town and its environs and identification of the flood mitigation measures that have been implemented in order to curb flooding within Narok town and its surroundings. Owing to the fact that the flooding is experienced within the town, it is clear that not enough has been done in terms of flood mitigation. IWRM and IFM principles and guidelines are globally accepted as a benchmark for proper watershed and riparian management. Thus, this document concludes by offering solutions using IWRM practices and IFM principles as a standard. The solutions are broadly classified under four categories. These are, structural measures, flood forecasting and basin monitoring, community participation and education and an integrated approach to flood management.

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